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74e 

THOREAU SOCIETY 



BULLETIN 



The Thoreau Society, Inc., is an 
informal gathering of students and 
followers of Henry David Thoreau. 
Henry Beetle Hough, Edgartown, Mass., 
President; Robert Needham, Concord, 
Mass., Vice-President; and /Jalter 
Harding, State University, Geneseo, 
N. Y. 14454-, Secretary-Treasurer. 
Annual membership, 32.00; life member- 
ship, $50.00. Address communications 
to the secretary. 



BULLETIN ONE HUNDRED SEVEN 

ANNUAL MEETING - CONCORD - JULY 12, 1969 

The 1969 Annual Meeting of The Thoreau Society 
will be held on Saturday, July 12, 1969, in the 
First Parish Meetinghouse in Concord, Mass. A 
coffee hour will begin at 9:30 A.M. The business 
meeting will be called to order by President 
Henry Beetle Hough at 10:20. The first address 
will be a reading of a hitherto unpublished essay 
by Thoreau on "Huckleberries," edited by the late 
Professor Leo Stoller; followed by the President's 
address on "Thoreau in Today's Sun." 

A luncheon will be served at 12:30. Tickets are 
$2.25. Reservations must be accompanied by a check 
made out to The Thoreau Society and mailed to Mrs . 
Loyd Rathoun, 125 Brister's Hill Road, Concord , 
Mass. 01742. Deadline for reservations is Tues - 
day. July 8 . 

At 2:00 Mrs. Edmund Fenn will lead a walk in the 
area adjacent to Bateman's Pond. There will be 
special exhibits in the Concord Free Public Library. 
Late afternoon optional activities will include 
strolls in balden Pond Reservation and Sleepy Hol- 
low Cemetery, or a riding tour to Thoreau' s birth- 
place site, the "Civil Disobedience" jail site, 
the pencil factory site, and the place where he 
died. There will be an exhibition at the Meeting- 
house of the solicited "Cairn" photographs. On 
exhibit at The Thoreau Lyceum will be Anton Kovar's 
collection of different editions of balden , and 
water colors by Joseph O'Brien interpreting 
Thoreau 1 s philosophy. 

At 6:00 a box supper will be served on the 
back lawn of The Thoreau Lyceum, 156 Belknap 
Street. Reservations accompanied by a check for 
$1.50 made out to the Curator, Mrs. Thomas rt. 
McGrath, 156 Belknap Street, Concord, Mass. 01742 
in advance. 



SPRING, 1969 

At 8:00 stereoptican slides made from the famous 
Gleason photographs of Concord and Thoreau' s Nature 
will be projected in the Meetinghouse Hall and 
Leonard Kleinfeld's slides based on photographs 
taken by Dr. Edward Bigelow of the St. Nicholas 
Magazine. Installation of the new President will 
conclude the program. 

A great many members who regularly attend the 
annual meeting look forward to the flower arrange- 
ments. They are done by Miss Mary Gail Fenn who 
lives in Concord and who is as familiar with 
Thoreau' s description of his walks as she is with 
the actual places themselves. A kindergarten 
teacher, each year she gently converts her little 
charges into ardent nature lovers. 

The flower arrangements she makes for the 
Society are authentic reproductions in miniature of 
Concord woods. Each year's arrangement is different; 
a sandy banking with turtle eggs, a bit of swamp 
with water plants, a fern bog with bird's nest, and 
this year a study of lichens and fungi. Soon after 
the annual meeting she begins planning for the 
following year. As a result, the long and careful 
preparation produces a bit of nature which looks 
as though it had been transported just as it grew 
in Thoreau' s beloved woods. 

The Annual Photography Contest is to be devoted 
to pictures of the cairn at Walden Pond taken over 
the years. Special attention will be paid to 
those which (l) are particularly early views of the 
cairn; (2) those which are precisely dated pictures 
of the cairn; and (3) those which show well known 
people visiting the cairn. Photographs to be entered 
into this contest should be sent to 
Mr. Robert Needham 
11 balden Terrace 
Concord, Massachusetts 01742 
to arrive there before July 1. It is to be hoped 




Reprinted with the permission of Adcox Associates, Inc. 



that members submitting such photographs will then 
permit them to be deposited permanently in the Thor- 
eau Society Archives at the Concord Free Public 
Library. The photographs will be judged at the 
annual meeting. 

The Nominating Committee (Mrs. Herbert Hosmer, 
Mr. Robert *ild, and Mr. Roland Robbins, Chairman) 
have submitted the following slate of officers for 
election at the annual meeting: 

President: Charles Anderson, Baltimore, Md. 

Pres. -Elect: Albert /I. Bussewitz, Milton, Mass. 

Vice Pres.: Rooert Needham, Concord, Mass. 

Sec.-Treas.: Walter Harding, Geneseo, N. Y. 
All the above for terms of one year; members of 
the Executive Committee for three-year terms: 

Brooks Atkinson, Durham, N. Y. 

Leonard KLeinfeld, Forest Hills, N. Y. 
Additional nominations may be made from the floor 
at the annual meeting. 

THOREAU'S JULY 16, 1860 LETTER TO CHARLES SUMNER: 
AN ADDENDUM AND CORRECTION by Douglass Noverr 

Harding and Bode note that Thoreau's July 16, 
I860 letter to Charles Sumner was "previously 
unpubli shed . " ( The Correspondence of Henry David 
Thoreau. p. 586.) 

While it is true that the entire text of the 
letter had never been printed before then, the 
second and third paragraphs did appear earlier in 
an "Appendix" to Charles Sumner's The Barbarism of 
Slavery — a speech given in the Senate on June A, 
I860, and printed in full in the New York Herald 
(June 5-6, I860), in the weekly edition of the 
New York Tribune, ana published by the thousands 
and mailed by Sumner and his friends to people and 
friends in the North and West. (David Donald, 
Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil .■far. 
I960, pp. 358-363.) Thoreau obviously received 
a personal copy of the pamphlet from Sumner, and 
the letter Thoreau sent to Sumner was .^ust one of 
hundreds that Sumner received containing praise for 
what they felt was the truth and uncompromising 
moral stand of the speech. 

The second and third paragraphs of the July 16, 
1860 letter appeared and are quoted (with punctua- 
tional inaccuracies and one major substantive 
omission) in Vol. VI of Charles Sumner His Complete 
Works. Statesman Edition, 20 vols. (Boston: Lee and 
Shepard, 1900), pp. 281-82. The "Appendix" of 
which the Thoreau letter was a part included a 
Correspondence section in which "brief extracts" 
were given from letters sent to Sumner. There 
are 112 separate extracts of letters from persons 
or groups included; the list begins with John 
Greenleaf Whittier and Frederick Douglass, with the 
extract from a letter by "Frank B. Sanborn, teacher 
and earnest man, afterwards an able journalist." 

In a descriptive heading to the Thoreau extract, 
Thoreau is referred to as "author and man of genius." 
There are major differences in punctuation (from 
the Harding -Bode text) and the paragraph beginning 
"It is refreshing to hear some naked truth. ..." 
is not indented. The omission of one word in 
paragraph three changes the emphasis of Thoreau's 
statement (punctuation and omitted word of Harding- 
Bode text in brackets) : 

Especially^ , ] I wish to thank you for your 
speech on the Barbarism of Slavery[ , ] which[,] 
I hope and suspect[,] commences a new era in 
the history of our Congress,[;] when questions 



of national importance have come to be con- 
sidered [occasionally] from a broadly ethical, 
and not from a narrowly political point of 
view alone. 
The word "occasionally," along with the punctuation 
of the qualified statement "I hope and suspect," 
significantly alters the reading and emphasis of 
this sentence. Thoreau did not have as much faith 
or optimism in Congress as the "Appendix" reading 
suggests. 

I am not sure exactly when this "Appendix" was 
added to the original speech. Sumner himself 
edited his .forks in 15 volumes (Boston, 1870-83), 
and it appears he might have added the "Appendix. " 
Considering the large number of extracts included 
and the inaccuracies in Thoreau's letter, one can 
conclude, I think, that Sumner or whoever tran- 
scribed the letters was probably careless or uncon- 
cerned with letter-perfect accuracy. Despite the 
miner significance of this extract of Thoreau's 
July 16, I860, letter, the inaccuracies of this 
text of it should be noted as well as the fact 
that most of the letter appeared in print before 
the Harding-Bode text of it. 

THE OLD CARLISLE ROAD IS STILL THERE 

by Mary R. Fenn 

in the midst of our unhappiness in seeing houses 
springing up where once we looked out over open 
fields, it is heartwarming to know that Thoreau's 
oeloved Estabrook Country and the Old Carlisle 
Road are pretty much as they were in his day. What 
is even more encouraging, they will remain so, since 
they now belong to Harvard, thanks to the many 
individuals, societies including our own, and the 
Ford Foundation who thought it important enough to 
pay for its preservation. 

The Estabrook Country was never a settlement 
with houses and farms with the exception of the 
Estabrook place. .-ftien Concord was first settled, 
its boundaries encompassed six square miles. This 
was ample acreage for the dozen or so first families, 
but soon others came, and as the farmers prospered, 
they needed more land. The Estabrook Country was 
then acquired and divided among twenty families, 
with twenty acres each — the so-called twenty-score. 
It was used largely as summer pastures and woodlots. 
The stone walls which we see today were piled up. 
When a limestone deposit was discovered the old 
paths were widened to accommodate wagons, and stone 
bridges built across the brooks; the great rocks 
pulled by ox teams and prized into place with 
crowbars. These are the same bridges we walk 
across today. A lime kiln was built to burn the 
stone used for plastering houses, and we can still 
see its stone foundation as well as the earthen 
ramp where wagons were backed up on a higher level 
and the stone dumped into the kiln. 

The land is varied, with brooks, swamps, eskers, 
pools, ledges, and glacial boulders. Cne of these 
is Indian Rock where Thoreau said the Indians on 
their seasonal wanderings would have their encamp- 
ments. Boulder Field, a pasture in his day, is now 
grown to woods. But the great granite rocks tower- 
ing above our heads are as imposing to us as they 
were to him, and we agree with Thoreau that "it 
would be something to own that pasture with the 
great rocks in it." 

Owl's Nest Swamp still has its beds of sphagnum 
where Thoreau and Charming stepped, wild calla 



lilies still grow in Calla Swamp, the beautiful 
rhodora still blooms in spring and the benzoin swamp 
is filled with yellow blossoms; in the autumn wild 
apples still hang on old trees, and the ground in 
places is covered with a miniature forest of lyco- 
podiums. 

In the old days every brook had its sawmill, and 
one of these mills cut the cedar logs for Concord's 
pencil manufacturing, We can still see its stone 
foundation with ferns and herb robert growing in 
the crannies, bloodroot covering the banking above, 
wild pinks along the path, and gnarled grapevines 
climbing high into the trees. 

The people in Thoreau's day went "a-nutting" 
and "a-berrying." Now the large chestnut trees are 
gone, and the shade of the woods has made the 
wild barberries die out. Today nature lovers still 
walk through the lovely Estabrook woods, so quiet 
and peaceful, where no one lives but the deer, the 
racoons, the great blue herons, the wild geese. And 
we agree as we swing along the road ". . .that old 
Carlisle one. .that leaves towns behind; where you 
put off worldly thoughts. . . .Others are called 
great roads, but this is greater than them all." 



WALTON AND WALDEN 



by Thomas Blanding 



Thoreau's dialogue between the Hermit and Poet 
which introduces the chapter "Brute Neighbors," 
in Walden . bears a distinct stylistic resemblance 
to the dialogues of the Angler, Falconer, and 
Hunter in Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler . 
Thoreau obviously was familiar with Walton's book, 
for he alludes to the work several times in the 
"Saturday" chapter of A Week : but in Walden, 
Thoreau seems to have used The Compleat Angler as 
a direct model for his dialogue. Thoreau's dia- 
logue and Walton's book are both about fishing, 
and Thoreau's diction so closely imitates Walton's 
that it would be quite difficult to distinguish be- 
tween the two dialogues were it not for the more 
philosophical content of Thoreau's. I suspect that 
Thoreau's Hermit and Poet would be as much at 
home with their lines cast in one of Walton's 
English streams as in Thoreau's Musketaquid. 

J. Lyndon Shanley ( The Making of Walden . Chicago, 
1957, p. 80) is probably correct when he suggests 
that Thoreau intended the dialogue as comic inter- 
lude to ease the transition from "Higher Laws" to 
"Brute Neighbors," but the transitional nature of 
the dialogue becomes more clearly defined if 
Thoreau was indeed writing in the spirit of The 
Compleat Angler . The dialogue between the Hermit 
and the Poet unites the two chapters by incorporat- 
ing the lofty contemplation of "Higher Laws" with 
the sensuousness of "Brute Neighbors," reinforcing 
Walton's observation that angling is a "contempla- 
tive man's recreation." 

AN INTRODUCTION TO HENRY THOREAU by Alan Seaburg 

It took place on a sunny, pleasant summer day 
late in the 1940' s when I was in my middle teens. 
My introduction to that man, Henry Thoreau. My 
brother, one decade older and wiser than me, sug- 
gested that I accompany him on a visit to Concord 
the next day. As we had no car, we journeyed by 
train leaving North Station in Boston in the early 
forenoon. My brother conducted the conversation 
on the short ride to Concord, and one of the persons 
he mentioned was Henry David Thoreau. The man 
meant nothing to me. My brother talked about his 



books, his fame for his relationship with nature, 
and the experiment by balden Pond. That was what 
most stimulated my curiosity. 

We walked from the station to the center of 
town, pausing only to inspect the Public Liorary. 
After an early lunch in the lovely atmosphere of 
the Wright Tavern, how disappointed I have been on 
other visits to discover that meals are no longer 
served there, we ignored the "rude bridge that 
arched the flood" and all that that stands for to 
visit the homes where the Alcotts and the Hawthornes 
dwelt. Then we stumbled upon the museum maintained 
by the Antiquarian Society. All this time Thoreau 
lay snug in my mind. The Antiquarian house with 
its various period rooms was lovely, but nothing 
prepared me for the surprise that it contained. 
Suddenly before me was the reconstructed setting 
of Henry Thoreau's Walden hut. Compared with the 
rest of the rooms in the museum, its plainness 
amazed this boy and instantly made me aware of the 
simple life Thoreau led. I recall only a bed, a 
chair, some sort of writing table, candles, and a 
few books. Although we did not have time to visit 
Thoreau's pond, I was familiar with the woods and 
lakes of Maine and could easily picture the rustic 
location of the hut. The romance in Thoreau's life 
immediately impressed itself upon me and since then 
I have always wanted to live as he did. Pity the 
young man who has not. The only mementoes I retain 
from this visit are two postcards. One is a portrait 
of Thoreau, the other a sketch of him sitting at 
his writing table in the hut at work. These now 
hang in my study in Vermont. 

That was the simple beginning of my interest in 
Thoreau and his philosophy of life. Now I have 
read most of what he has written and have even 
published a few articles about him. Yet my later 
knowledge and acquaintance with Thoreau is pale 
beside the introduction which remains one of my 
fondest memories. There is one further aspect to 
this account. It concerns my brother. One of the 
events of Thoreau's life that most deeply affects 
me was his relationship with his brother. I have 
always understood and appreciated it for I, too, 
have a brother with whom I am close. Therefore, 
I have always been able to realize the loss that 
Henry felt when John died in 1842. This, then, is 
the legacy of my first visit to Concord: an intro- 
duction to a man appropriately made by a brother 
with whom I have grown as close as that man did to 
his brother. 



ADDITIONS TO THE THOREAU BIBLIOGRAPHY 



WH 



Anderson, Charles. THE FAGIC CIRCLE OF WALDEN. 
Review. NEW ENGLAND QUARTERLY, Dec. 1968. 

Arnstein, Felix. "Henry Thoreau, American." SNOWY 
EGRET, XXVI (Autumn, 1962), 12-19. 

Basile, Joseph. "Thoreau's Inevitable, Infernal 
Railroad" in THE ATLANTIC 1967/1968 CONTESTS FOR 
COLLEGE STUDENTS. Boston: Atlantic Monthly, 1968 
pp. 42-42. 

Eedau, Hugo A dan. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: THEORY AND 
PRACTICE. New York: Pegasus, 1969. 282pp. 57.50 
An anthology of essays (including Thoreau's) on 
the topic, pro and con. By far the best such vol- 
ume yet and the analysis of Thoreau's essay by 
Bedau hinself is perhaps the most thoughtful I've 
yet seen. 

Bonner, Willard H. "Thoreau's Other Telegraph Fig- 
ure," AMER. NOTES & QUERIES, VII (March, 1969), 



99-100. 
Burke, William Jeremiah. 



"Yes, There's Still a Con- 



cord." MODERN MATURITY, Feb. 1969, pp. 7-9. ■■- re- 
cent visit to Concord, including the Thoreau sites. 

Cameron, Kenneth Halter. "Damning National Publicity 
for Thoreau in 1849," AMER. TRANSCENDS] RT. 
[Drawer 1G8C, Hartford, Coir..], 11(1969), 18-27. 
Hitherto unnoticed editorials on Thoreau. 

. "Thoreau and His Harvard Classmates," AMER. 

.., Ill (1969), 1-32. Reprint of the 
1965 book. 

. "Thoreau 1 s Walden and Alcott's Vegetarian- 

isn," AMER.TRANS. UAR., II (1969), 27-28. 

Canby, Henry Sei&el. "A 3ook Gandhiji Kept at His 
Bedside. " ?; - '- [Bombay], Nov. 12, 

1954. 

Derleth, August. WALDEN POND: HOI AGE TO THOREAU. 
With wood engravings by Frank Utpatel. Iovfa City: 
Prairie Press, 1968. 44pp. r '3.5C. Excerpts 
from. Derleth' s journals about three visits to Wal- 
den. As usuual , Derleth has stimulating things to 
say and the volume is a gen of printing. 

Douthat, Lou. "She Helped Open Cincinnati Medical 
Colleges to './omen." CINCINNATI POST & TIMES-SEAR. 
April 12, 1969. Account of the discovery of an un- 
published autobiographical US by a ]!rs. Celia Fre- 
ase which includes a lengthy description of Tho- 
reau, but with no indication of where she became 
acquainted with him. 

Ekirch, Arthur A., Jr. "Transcendental Harmony: Tho- 
reau" in MAN AND NATURE IN AMERICA. Hew York: Co- 
lumbia, 1963. pp. 5S-69. 

Fabre, Michel. "La Desobeissance Civile," EIP.OPE 
[Paris], XLVII (Jan. 1969), 214-217. 

Fisher, Aileen & Olive Rabe, WE ALCOTTS. Hew York: 
leneum, 1968, 278pp. "The story of Louisa M, Al- 
cott's family as seen through the eyes of 'Max-nee,' 
mother of Little Honen." The book is ained at a 
young adult audience and tends to be a bit sugary. 
Thoreau, quite naturally, appears on a number of 
pages and is very well presented. 

Glick, Wendell, ed. THE RECOGNITION OF HENRY DAVID 
THOREAU. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Mich., 1969. 3£lpp. 
'8.50. A selection of 45 critical essays on Tho- 
reau fron I8A8-I966, ranging fron well-known ones 
such as Emerson's funeral discourse to ones that 
only the specialist will have been acquainted with. 
The selection is judicious and representative of 
both favorable and unfavorable points of view. 
Brief running comments by Glick are illuminating. 
A handy survey of Thoreau criticism over the 
rs. 

Hanley, Katherine, "WALDEN — Forest Sonata," AMER. 
Ft., I (1969), 108-110. 

Honan , John Jr. "Thoreau, the Emblem, and The 
Heek," A1ER. . , I (1969), 104-108. 

HOME JOURNAL FCP. THE CULTIVATION OF THE MEMORABLE, 
THE PROGRESSIVE, AND THE BEAUTIFUL. "A Hew Eng- 
land Town," reprinted in AMSR.T1 . .,11 
(1969), 41. Account of an IS56 visit to Concord 
with coi 1 on Thoreau. 

Ives, Charles. THE C NCORD SONATA. Played by John 
Kirkpatrick. Hew York: Columbia Records, 1969. 
! .'3-7192. By far the best recording yet of the 
"Concord Sonata" (including of course the Thoreau 
novenent). It lias a brilliance and vibrancy lack- 
ing in all the others. The jacket has a particular- 
ly interesting history of the composition of the 
sonata and explains why and how this version dif- 
fers from, the earlier ones. 

Kent, Fhyllida Kent. A STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF 



TKORSAU'S A WEEK CI! THE CONCORD AID MERRIMACK 
RIVERS. Carleton Univ., 1967. 143pp. M.A. 
thesis. Available thru University Microfilms 
for 03. (M-1355). 

Kleinfeld, Leonard F. "Stones for the Cairn." 
HEAR YE [Acton, Mass.], Feb. 1969. A play orig- 
inally performed at a T.S. annual neeting. 

. "Thoreau Chronology," AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I 

(1969), 113-117. Reprint of 1950 pamphlet. 

Klonp, Henry De'.Jitt. THE GAME. Hew York: Pageant, 
1967. 398pp. A satirical novel on college Eng- 
lish departments. One of characters has much to 
say on Thoreau since he is writing a book en him. 

Krutch, Josenh VJood. "GBS Enters Heaven (?)" in 
SATURDAY REVIEW READER HO. 2. New York: Bantam, 
1953. pp. 205-211. Shaw and Thoreau converse. 

MacLachlan, C.H. "The Spiritual Life of Henry D. 
Thoreau," VEDAHTA AND THE WEST, CXCI (May, 1968), 
46-59 and CXCII (July, 1968), 13-32. Reprinted 
from FRABUDBHA BHARATA for June 1965. 

. "Vivokananda and Thoreau," VEDAHTA AND THE 

WEST, CLXXXIII (Nov. 1967), 18-36. Reprinted 
from PRABUDDHA BHARATA for May, 1967. 

Magorian, James. "Transcendentalist" in ALMOST 
NOON. Chicago: Ibis, 1969. Poen on Thoreau, p. 
31. 

llonteiro, George. "Birches in Winter: Notes on Tho- 
reau and Frost," CLA JOURNAL, XII (Dec. 1968), 
129-133. 

Parke, Fran. "Today's Protestors Carry on Old Bat- 
tle of Conscience vs. Law." LANCASTER [Pa.] NEW 
ERA. March 6, 1969. Many comments on Thoreau. 

Pulos, C.E. " Walden and Emerson's 'The Sphinx," 
AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I (1969), 7-11. 

Pyareial. "Thoreau, Tolstoy and Gandhiji," STATES- 
MAN [Hew Delhi]. Jan. 30-31, 1957. 

Rao, E. Nageswara. "Thoreau and Gandhi: A Compar- 
ison." ARYAN PATH, XXXVII (Aug. 1966), 361-364. 

Reaver, J. Russell. "Thoreau' s Way with Proverbs" 
AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I (1969), 2-7. 

Rice, Edwin B. "Wants Another Thoreau to Make the 
Scene." BUFFALO EVENING NEWS. Feb. 13, 1969. 
Letter to editor. 

Riegl, Kurt. "Zun Thoreau-Echo im Spatwerk O'Neills" 
GEPJIANISCH-ROMANISCHE MONATSSCHRIFT, XVIII (Apr.) 
1968), 191-9. Allusions to Thoreau in O'Neill's 
later plays. 

Ross, Donald Jr. "Hawthorne and Thoreau on 'Cottage 
Architecture'," AMER.TRANS.QUAR. I (1969),100 

Salt, Henry S. LIFE CF HENRY DAVID THOREAU. New- 
York: Haskell House, 1968. 208pp. $5.50. A 
facsimile reprint of the 1896 short version of 
Salt's great life of Thoreau. In many respects 
this is still the best of all biographies of 
Thoreau. 

Sherwood, Mary P. "Thoreau 1 s Penobscot Indians," 
THOREAU JOUR. QUART., I (Jan. 15, 1969), 1-13. 

. "Thoreau Island," THOREAU J0UR.QUAR. I, 

(Jan. 15, 1969), 20-22. On the recent renaming 
of an island in the Penobscot for Thoreau. 

Thoreau, Henry David. A YANKEE IN CANADA, WITH 
ANTI-SLAVERY AND REFORM PAPERS. New York: Has- 
kell House, 1968. 09.95. Facsimile reprint of 
1892 edition. 

. ESSAY ON CIVIL DI0S0BEDIENCE. New York: 

Pyramid Books, 1968. 62pp. "A Little Paperback 
Classic." 

. EXCURSIONS. Review. INDEPENDENT, Dec. 3, 

1863. Reprinted in AMER.TRANS.QUAR., II (1969), 

31. 

Thoreau, [H.D.] TWO FRAGMENTS FROM THE JOURNALS. 



Edited, with a preface, by Alexander C. Kern. Wood- 
engraving by John Roy. Iowa City: Windhover Press, 
1968. Boxed, unpaged. Edition limited to 220 cop- 
ies. y3.80. T w0 unpublished fragments from Tho- 
reau's journal which shed light on his compositor- 
ial techniques. And a real typographical gem. 

Thoreau, Henry David. THE VARIORUM WALDEK AND THE 
VARIORUM CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE. Edited by Walter Hard- 
ing. New York: Washington Square Press, 196S. 371 
pp. Combined paperback edition. 

. THE WISDOM OF THOREAU. New York: Pyramid 

Books, i960. 64pp. Selected quotations from his 
writings. A "Little Paperback Classic." 35$. 

Treat, Robert & Betty. "Thoreau and Institutional 
Christianity." A1ER. TRANS. QUAR., I (1969) ,AA-A7. 

VanNostrand, A.D. "Thoreau Beside Himself." in 
EVERYMAN HIS OWN POET. New York: McGraw-Hill, 
196S. pp. 92-112. An enlightening discussion of 
Thoreau 1 s use of metaphor in WALDEN and particular- 
ly on his ability to, as Emerson says, draw "uni- 
versal lav; from single fact." 

Vernet, Laurence. "Actualite de Thoreau," FRANCE 
AMERIQUE MAGAZINE [Paris], 1968. pp. 9A-93. 

. "Marcel Proust: Admirateur Imprevu de Tho- 
reau." EUROPE TParis], XLVII (Janvier, 1969), 217- 
22A. 

Wiener, Harvey S. "To a Fairer World: Thoreau 1 s Last 
Hours," JOUR. OF HISTORICAL STUDIES, I (Autumn, 
1968), 361-365. 

Wild, Paul H. "Flower Power: a Student's Guide to 
Pre-Hippie Transcendentalism," ENGLISH JOUR., 
LVIII (Jan. 1969), 62-68. On teaching WALDEN to 
high school students as a hippie document. 

Williams, Eric. D. "Thoreau: Prophet of World Faith" 
THOREAU JOUR. QUART., I (Jan. 15, 1969), 14-16. 

Williams, Jonathan. "The Distances to a Friend," in 
AN EAR IN BARTRAM»S TREE: SELECTED POEMS. Chapel 
Hill: U.N.C., 1968, p. 30. Poem on Thoreau. 

Winn, O.Hward. "A Sentence for Thoreau." MIDWEST 
QUARTERLY, DC (Summer, 1968), 380. A poem. 

Young, T.D. & Ronald Fine, eds. "Henry David Tho- 
reau" in AMERICAN LITERATURE: A CRITICAL SURVEY. 
New York: American Book Co., 1968, pp. 163-212. 
Reprints Randall Stewart, "The Growth of Thoreau' s 
Reputation"; Reginald Cook, "Thoreau in Perspec- 
tive"; Lauriat Lane, "On the Organic Structure of 
WALDEN"; Sherman Paul, "Resolution at Walden"; & 
George Hendrick, "The Influence of Thoreau' s 'Civ- 
il Disobedience' on Gandhi's SATIAGRAHA." 

We are indebted to the following for information 
used in this bulletin: A. Butler ,T. Bailey, D.Bernstein, 
A. Brooks,W.Cummings,R. Chapman, M.Campbell, J. Donovan,R. 
Epler,D.Finley,M.Fenn,H.Gottschalk,B.Gronewald,G. 
Heebner ,E .Hunsaker ,C .Hoagland ,D . Kamen-Kaye , S . Kent , 
L.Kleinfeld,E.Lauritzen,A.Lownes,N.Lehrman,A.Lane, 
L.Leary,J.Michel,D.McWilliams,M.Meuttman,F.Osb\n-ne, 
I. Oelgart,R. Patrick ,R. Poland ,R.Robbins,R.P.eady,L. 
Simon,G.Shedd,A.Seaburg,R.Schaedle,J.Sissons,E.T6ale, 
S.Thomas,G. Taylor ,C. Tweedy, J.Vickers,M.Wahl ,A.Weit- 
kamp, H.Wiggins, and A. Williger. Please keep the 
secretary informed of new Thoreau items as they ap- 
pear and old ones he has missed,, 

MORE DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS ON THOREAU 

With the permission of University Microfilms of 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, we continue printing herewith 
reproductions of abstracts of dissertations on 
Thoreau. The full dissertations are available from 
University Microfilms at the prices given at the 



ends of the articles. 

THOREAU, THE JOURNALIST. 

(Order No. 67-17,603) 

William Louis Howarth, Ph.D. 
University of Virginia, 19G7 

Adviser: Professor Floyd Stovall 

This dissertation, a critical reading of Henry Thoreau's 
Journal , attempts to prove three propositions (1) "factual" 
writing is worthy of analysis; (2i Thoreau's Journal has struc- 
ture; and (3) critics misinterpret Thoreau's post-Walden 
career. 

Book One presents the background of Thoreau's Journal. 
Chapter I defines the journal's status as a literary genre. 
Journals are communal documents, their authors share ideas 
of purpose, audience, and narrative rule. While ,c sense of 
religious vocation shaped early journals, the secular idea of 
profession controlled later ones. Most literary men wrote 
journals for professional uses, a few, like Thoreau, kepi them 
for intrinsic, or vocational, reasons. Chapter II. a history of 
Thoreau's Journal between 1802 and 1906. gives background on 
early editions and criticizes editorial policies that shaped the 
1906 text. 

Book Two discusses the "early Journal," 1H37- 1847. Chap- 
ter I describes the literary exercises and experiments of 
Thoreau's "workshop"; it also depicts his turn to fuller nar- 
ration after 1841. Chapter II presents the ambivalence of his 
early ideas on journalizing, and charts the growttvof his dis- 
satisfaction with writing for publication. 

Book Three surveys the -middle Journal," 1H50- 1855. 
Chapter I describes Thoreau's shift from one major topic, 
self- analysis, to another, the study "I nature. Chapter II de- 
picts his resolution of early aesthetic problems, and his 
gradual acceptance of the Journal .is a satisfying means of 
literary expression. 

Book Four covers the "late Journal," 1856-1861. Chapter I 
portrays Thoreau's shift from the indiscriminate recording of 
natural data to more interpretive studies of seasonal events. 
Chapter II presents his final synthesis of aesthetics, science, 
and philosophy. In his final years he sensed that the Journal 
was an end in itself, not a field to be reaped; he expressed 
this faith by leaving the book just as it was. Its order was 
perfectly organic; In it he had gradually learned how to unite 
the acts of living and writing. 

Microfilm $3.30; Xerography $11.50. 253 pages. 



CIRCLE IMAGERY IN THE PROM nl I MIRSON AND 
THOREAU FROM NATURK (1H36I TO vVM.MKN (1H54). 

(Order No. 67-13,837) 

Richard Carl Tuerk, Ph.D. 

The Johns Hopkins University, liitiT 



In this study I examine Images nl , u en 

prose works of Emerson and Thoreau h 

former's first book, to Walde n (1H54I, I he 
piece. I place particular emphasis mi Mini 
Essays : First Series and on Thoreau's Vv 

I also 
nlativr 



I n \ iii I he major 
Nature (1836), the 
Iter's master- 
-,1 ui's Nature and 
■k mi I lie Concord 



and Merrimack Rivers and Waldr 



■ •ill 



Mr 



ii h Emerson s 
s well as 
husetts," 
I examine 



Essays : Second Series and Repp 

Thoreau's "Service," ''Natural TTisiorv ul Ma.' 

"Walk to Wachusett," and "Winter Walk." I d 

the extent to which Thoreau derived his use nl the circle from 

Emerson. Rather, I emphasize the individual development of 

the literary technique which each man displays in his finished 

artistic creations. 

Emerson usually employs the circle as an adjunct to his 
philosophy; it helps make his abstract philosophical statements 
more concrete. For example, he re|X'atedly uses it to support 
his belief that unity lies at the renter of the multiplicity that 
man sees around him. Sometimes, he uses it In an attempt to 
give his works the type of unity thai lie sees In nature. Thus, 
the circle unifies the universe that he describes in "Circles" 
( Essays : First Series) as well as the essay itself. 

On the other hand, Thoreau's use ol the circle Is usually an 
end in itself. In his works he cliar.u tenstically transmutes the 
specific circular shapes and nuitimis that he sees In the world 
around him into artistic creations. M\ means ul these figures 
he reshapes the stuff of his own lite into an. They become 
magic circles that unify his works and his own life as he ex- 
presses it in them. Also, they produce in Ins wining har- 
monious relationships between earth and heaven, inattei and 
spirit, man and God. 



In his best works Emerson reproduces in miniature the 
circular order that he perceives in the univi-rsc. Ai the same 
time, he says that if man could see |>n>|K rly, hi- would need no 
works of art. Rather, he wuuld sec direrth Ihc laws and order 
of the universe. Thoreau. however, docs nut share this belief, 
he is by no means a "specific Emerson." On the contrary, in 
his writing his images of circularity help i reatc a self- 
contained universe in which he embodies higher, poetical 
truths which he believes ran unh lie revealed in works of art. 
Microfilm S3. 30: Xerography $11.50. 255 pages. 



THE DEPTH OF WALDEN: 
THOREAU'S SYMBOLISM OF 
THE DIVINE IN NATURE. 

(Order No. 67-12,196) 

William Donovan Drake, Ph.D. 
University of Arizona, 1967 

Director: Paul Rosenblatt 

Henry David Thoreau accepted from his Transcendentalist 
contemporaries the idea that nature is the symbolism of a 
divine spirit, an idea ultimately derivative from the Platonism 
long integrated with Christian philosophy. Chapter I traces the 
idea of correspondences between natural facts and divine 
archetypes through the writings of the late Puritans, the 
Mathers and Edwards, who strove to adapt the new science 
and its concomitant philosophy (Locke's) to Puritan theology. 
The result was a concept of nature-symbolism, in which sen- 
sory experience of natural things was the medium of awareness 
of divinity. A position remarkably like that of Emerson or 
Thoreau was arrived at in the previous century. The nature 
religion of the Transcendentalists is believed to have its roots 
in native attitudes of man's awareness of God in nature. The 
work of Emerson and Thoreau is viewed as a redefinition of 
the Puritan religious drive in terms acceptable in the more 
scientific and non-theological spirit of the nineteenth century. 
In Thoreau, this was an effort to combine the search for 
spiritual self-fulfillment with that of empirical observation 
of nature. As such, it embraced serums contradictions. 

Chapters II, III, and IV trace Thoreau's philosophy through 
his early Journal and A Week on the Concord and Merrimack 
Rivers to Walden . An analysis of the Journal reveals that 
Thoreau faced the problem of harmonizing Ihc inner sense of 
the infinite soul at peace with itself, with the "actual" world 
of process, conflict, and social institutions. A documented 
study is presented of Thoreau's attempt to annihilate time and 
space and transmute sense experience to the subjective dimen- 
sion, while seeking a realization of the divine in the facts of 
nature. He believed that nature was the innocent and un- 
troubled embodiment of the divine spirit, and identified him- 
self with natural creatures rather than with the "diseased" 
and conflict -ridden institutions of men. This neatly suited his 
emotional makeup, for he discovered he could rope with dis- 
turbing human relationships by rising to a detached overview 
and reaffirming his innocence through identification with 
nature. He conceived his role to be that of an essentially 
passive hero-poet-priest, a medium through which the word- 
less insight of divinity could be transformed into words for 
men to read. 

In A Week, he strove to combine the ideal and eternal in- 
sights in a narrative of actual experience. Somewhat unsuc- 
cessfully, it aims to portray the heroic role of the mythic 
poet-priest. Struggling to hold the two worlds of the "actual" 
and the "ideal" in balance, he concludes with the hope that the 
divine may someday be experienced directly through the senses 
as physical things are, rather than by elusive wordless inti- 
mations. 

Walden reports his attempt to live a life of spiritual ful- 
fillment in actual lact. The book was begun as a series of 
essays continuing the themes of A Week . Walden Pond was a 
symbol of the ideal part of the self, pure, isolated from con- 
tamination, and perpetually restorative of the innocence he 
deeply craved. The manuscript was virtually completed in 
1849, but was extensively revised before 1854 by the addition 
of the cyclical pattern of the seasons. In the interim, his 
idealism had suffered a nearly fatal crisis, and the revised 
Walden depicts the freezing of the pond and the reduction of 
his earlier certainty to a mere hope of eventual attainment. 
The sources of the crisis are found in the conflicts inherent 
in his philosophy, and particularly in the personal weaknesses 
he had rationalized in his idea of divinity. The innocent, un- 
conscious, and childlike existence of nature failed as a life for 
man. Microfilm S3. 00; Xerography $10.35. 228 pages. 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF BALDEN : A GENETIC TEXT 

Orel. V 

Ronald Earl f'lappn pi, |> 
University nl Calif.,, ;,,., | 

Chairman: Profess, .> 1 .,-,,„ it , .« ,, ,i 

The familial- image ,,| ||, ,., , Thure.iu h:is been that of an 
eccentric lover of woodrhucks anil skunk- cabbage who. in brag- 
ging his way through Walden. w.is ri lalivrly unaware of the 
more tragic aspects of human rxpc rii-m ■ tli.il wrinkled the 
brows of Hawthorne and Melville Hut behind the mask of the 
self-reliant narrator of Walden liri allied .i man of flesh and 
blood who was deeply involvi d in I In- dollbls .ind tensions of 
his age. 

The Genetic Text provides ., , umpli-tr- transcript of the 
additions, cancellations, and revisions . oulained In the seven 
manuscript versions of Walden iml hares the development of 
Thoreau's masterpiece from Ihc turn hi lefl the pond in 1847 
until just before he prepared the c npy (,,i ihc printer in 1854 
During those years Thoreau matured far beyond the confines 
of Emerson's Transcendental optimism and achieved a rich 
intellectual and poetic subtlety and complexity not far from that 
of Hawthorne and Melville: what had tH-guil .is a fairly straight- 
forward account of his life in tin- woods rmm July 4, 1845, to 
September 6, 1847, became by the lime ol its publication a 
remarkably suggestive book thai reflec led the intellectual 
problems of its age. 

Many of the book's inronsisi. m ii s ran l>c traced to a dif- 
ference in their periods ol composition. The desire to make 
his life one of innocence ami simplicity, in tune with Nature 
herself, which Thoreau expressed in much ol V. here I Lived, 
and What I Lived for' w.is , irrn .1 over rrum ihc original ver- 
sion, whereas the bulk ol Hit "Higher kiws" chapter, which 
expresses the contrasMn di Bin- !•• "nvi-rciime" Nature, or the 
animal in man that is "rep -ual, and perhaps cannot 

be wholly expelled," was nut «i bit n until the fifth version. 

Quite in contrast to the writer in Hie earlier versions who 
talked so much about himself, the i ouscious artist In the later 
versions tended to lose himsell in his material and allow his 
descriptions, especially llmse nl Ihi pond and the changing 
seasons, to take on a Buggesliveness that was lacking in much 
of the earlier material. 

Written in an age that w.is caught between two worlds—a 
dying Romanticism and a Naturalism waiting In be fathered by 
Darwin and Spencer--Walden hears I he scars of its author's 
attempt to reconcile his genuine love I Nature with his growing 
awareness of her indificreiiri In man. Rut it also bears the 
fruits of Its author's own intellectual and poetic maturity and 
his deepening sense of what it means In he involved in mankind 
Microfilm si 1. to Xerography S40 25. 894 pages. 



A NOTE ON JAPP'S LIFE OF THOREAU 

by Arthur G. 



Volkman 



First editions have no attraction for me per se. 
but occasionally I acquire one accidentally through 
purchase, forgetting to return a borrowed copy, and 
sometimes even by less genteel methods. Among these 
I have one (whether obtained by fair means or other- 
wise I know not), I prize above all the others, for 
the reason that will appear later. It is an "Authors 
Edition: From Advance Proof Sheets," of Thoreau : 
His Life and Aims , by H. A. Page, (pseudonym of 
A. H. Japp) , published in Boston by James R. Osgood 
ci Company, 1877. However, it is not its pedigree 
that endears it to me, but a short passage it 
contains. 

For many years I have been intrigued by the fact 
that Thoreau embraced the doctrine and preached the 
love of all life when such sentimentality was viewed 
indifferently. One particular paragraph in balden 
always attracted me: "I have looked after the wild 
stock of the town, which give a faithful herdsman a 
good deal of trouble by leaping fences; . . .1 have 
watered the red huckleberry, the sand cherry and the 
nettle-tree, the red pine and the black ash, the 
white grape and the yellow violet, which might 
have withered else in dry seasons." Similar affirm- 
ations of his creed are not rare throughout the 
Journal , and of the eighteen chapters in balden . 



three are devoted to it — Higher Laws, Brute Neigh- 
bors, and Winter Animals. 

All of the preceding is, of course, common 
knowledge, but getting back to the reason I value 
Page's book so highly. On page 225 is a sentence 
that reads: "Thoreau was saved from the 'modern 
curse of culture' by his innocent delights, and 
his reverence for all forms of life so stimulated." 
(Italics mine.) Thus it is apparent that while 
Thoreau practiced the philosophy of Reverence for 
Life, Page coined the phrase to describe both the 
principle and its precept to be popularized by the 
humanist Albert Schweitzer over half a century 
later. And though Thoreau did not notably minister 
to the ills of the flesh he was, as Emerson expressed 
it in his Biographical Sketch of Thoreau, ". . .a 
physician to the wounds of any soul." 

THOREAU AND MARCUS AURELIUS: A POSSIBLE BORROWING 

by Raymond P. Tripp, Jr. 

Early in his first chapter "Economy" Thoreau, 
explaining the real nature of his balden experience 
as opposed to its "actual history," writes that he 
was: 

. . .anxious to improve the nick of time and 
notch it on my stick too; to stand on the 
meeting of two eternities, the past and 
future, which is precisely the present moment; 
to toe that line.(l) 
The wordplay in this passage is doubtless Thoreau' s, 
but the phrase: on the meeting of two eternities , as 
well as the mingling of space and time, may have a 
classical source. Although Ethel Seybold does not 
include Marcus Aurelius in her "Index of Classical 
Quotations and Allusions, "(2) it seems extraordinary 
that Thoreau, as well read in the classics as he 
was, would have missed the famous stoic or failed 
to have been influenced by him. Indeed, reading 
in the Meditations , one is impressed by the number 
of balden "echoes," passages and statements about 
time, the necessity of living in the present, and 
of a pure and independent life. (3) 

In this particular instance, discussing the 
relative insignificance of the earth, Aurelius em- 
ploys the phrase: <TTi.-y/i7) tov a,iujros ,(4) the 
point or boundary between two eternities. Aurelius 
is, of course, making his own use of a late clas- , 
sical commonplace (5) that the world is a mere <5"rt^-/<7 
or pun c turn in a vast universe. Certainly, Thoreau' s 
enthusiasm is a thing quite apart from the stoic 
emperor's world-weariness. But his phrase and its 
context suggest something more than coincidence. 
If Thoreau' s "meeting of two eternities" does 
echo Aurelius, then we have another instance of 
his creative adaptation of his sources. (6) 

University of Denver 
FOOTNOTES 

(1) Writings . II, 15. 

(2) Ethel Seybold, Thoreau. The Uuest and the 
Classics (New Haven, 1951), Appendix C, 
124 -HI • 

(3) M. Ant., 2: U, 17; 3: 10; 4: 3, 17ff, 50; 
5: 15, 19, — to point out but a few of the 
passages reminiscent of balden thoughts and 
phrases. 

U) M. Ant., 6: 36. 

(5) Cf. E. R. Dodds, Pagans and Christians In An 

Age of Anxiety (Cambridge, 1965), 7-8; and S. 

Sambursky, The Physical World of Late Antiquity 

(New York, 1962) . 



(6) Cf. L. V. Cady, "Thoreau" s Quotations From 
Confucian Books in balden," AL, XXXIII, 20- 
32, where Cady illustrates Thoreau' s adapta- 
tion of primarily ethical matter to his own 
purposes. 

CYNTHIA DAVENPORT ON THOREAU' S ANCESTRY 

Mrs. Marcia Moss, Reference Liorarian at the 
Concord Free Public Library, has called to our 
attention the following letter written to F. B. 
Sanborn by Cynthia M. Davenport on April 23 of 
some unknown year, the manuscript of which is 
among the Sanborn papers in the Concord Free Public 
Library. The letter is reproduced with the kind 
permission of the trustees of the Concord Free 
Public Library. Mrs. Moss and I have inserted 
some identifications here and there within brackets. 
The letter raises some interesting questions about 
Thoreau family possessions. Can anyone identify 
for us the author of the letter, Cynthia M. Daven- 
port? Oddly enough, descendents of Ellen Sewall 
by the name of Davenport at one point lived in 
Colorado Springs, Colorado, but we have as yet been 
unable to find any connection between those Daven- 
ports and this one. 

Broadmoor 

April 23rd 
My dear Mr. Sanborn 

When I think of you I have quite a guilty feel- 
ing in regard to a promise of a photograph of a 
tankard which belonged to the Grandfather of Mrs. 
Thoreau, Col. ELisha Jones of Weston, Mass. I 
have not forgotten it but the Tankard is held oy a 
relative who is rather slow in her movements. I 
still hope to send it. To her husband the tankard 
came and to my father a silver sugar sifter. Col. 
Jones was Col. of the 3rd Middlesex Reg't which po- 
sition he lost when he was "True to the King." His 
sons all had provincial positions in Nova Scotia & 
Canada. One son, Israel Jones, Esq. (a real English 
title), was for forty years a Trustee of Wms [Wil- 
liams] College and Executor of his cousin, Ephraim 
Wms [Williams, the founder of Williams College] 
will. He surveyed the line (the first I think) 
between this country and Canada. Another son died 
in Virginia, was on the staff of Gen. Diracoe[?]. 
Ephraim was the first Canadian Council on Parli[a]- 
ment. The present Lt. Gov. of Nova Scotia is the 
descendent of his son Stephen who was an officer in the 
English army. The long and strong protest against 
the Revolution made by Col. Elisha Jones, his son- 
in-law Rev. Asa Dunbar and others of Weston is all 
told by [Samuel Adams] Drake [in his History of 
Middlesex County. Mass .. Boston, 1880, II, 499-500]. 
Mrs. Minot was in Williamstown and Mrs. Thoreau 
also at her brother Israel's house when he died at 
an advanced age just after a horseback ride to and 
from North Adams. 

When I was in Concord last summer I saw a silhou- 
ette of Mrs. Minot in the Historical rooms, [it is 
still in the Concord Antiquarian Society.] I have 
wished very much I could have some photos made of 
it. Do you think it would be permitted and is 
there someone — amateur or professional — I could ask 
in Concord to do it? I would be very glad to hear 
from you on this point and if there is anything I 
could do for you in return it will afford me great 
pleasure to do it. It may be a cousin who is now 
east will see you, Mrs. 0. S. Newell of Chicago. 

Mrs. Marble says Prof. E. Harlowe Russell is the 



present executor of the Thoreau letters. Do you 
think he has any different material or any more 
than you have had? There were old Bibles and it 
would be strange if there were no silver in the 
Thoreau house as Krs. Elisha Jones died in Keene, 
New Hampshire, at the house of her only daughter 
Krs. Dunbar. Mrs. Dunbar had 13 brothers. Je 
are still trying to find a silhouette or picture 
of some kind of Col. Elisha Jones. The house his 
son, Elisha, occupied is The Country Club now in 
Pittsfield, Mass. 

It will give me a great deal of pleasure to hear 
from you at your convenience. 

Very truly 

Cynthia M. Davenport 

Colorado Springs, Colo. 

NOTES AND 3IERE3S .... 

The reprint of the first 100 THOHEAU SOCIETY BUL- 
LETINS vri.ll be published by the Johnson Reprint Corp. 
(Ill 5th Ave, New York, H.Y. 10003) and the price 
will be 025. Inquiries as to the exact publication 
date and orders should be sent directly to them.. 

THOREAU SOCIETY BULLETINS 1-101 are also available 
on microfilm. The cost is ->3.50 for the entire series, 
These should be ordered from University Microfilms, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. A8106. 

The following back issues of the bulletin are avail- 
able from the secretary for 25£ each: 12-13, 15, 21- 
54, 56, 59-63, 65,66, 69, 70, 72-79, 81-23, 85-96, 98, 
99, 101, 103-106. Bulletins 1-9 have been reprinted 
as a unit for 50£. Booklets 5, 8, 10, 1A, and 22 are 
available at 50£ each; Booklets 6, 7, and 16 at one 
dollar each. All other publications are out-of- 
print . 

Mr, Isaac J. Oelgart (21 Burr Ave., Kenpstead, H.Y. 
11550) is establishing a "Thoreau book exchange" to 
"buy, sell, and exchange Thoreau itens." 

We are grieved to announce the death of Ira Hoover 
of Wilmington, Delavare on February A, 1969, at the 
age of 8A. Ira was one of the oldest and most faith- 
ful members of the Thoreau Society, making the jour- 
ney to Concord for the annual meeting year after year 
after year. For many years he was a member of the 
society's executive committee. 

Prof. George Hendrick (Graduate College, Univ. of 
111. , Urbana 61S01) and Mr. John F. Pont in (Fern 
Lodge, Buxton Spa, Derbyshire, England) are collab- 
orating: on a critical study of Henry Salt, Thoreau' s 
English biographer, and would appreciate hearing from 
anyone who owns any Salt manuscripts. 

Mr. Alan Tennenbaum (1723 Bella Vista, Cincinnati, 
Ohio A5237), a high school junior, writes that he and 
his English class debated at length the passage in 
the "Conclusion" chapter of WALDEN which reads, "In 
view of the future or possible, we should live quite 
laxly and undefined in front, our outlines dim and 
misty on that side; as our shadows reveal an insen- 
sible perspiration toward the sun," and have found 
it difficult to interpret the phrase "as our shadows 
reveal an insensible perspiration toward the sun." 
Can anyone help him? We must confess we are at a 
loss to explain it. 

W. Stephen Thomas, director of the Rochester Mus- 
eum and Science Center in Rochester, New York, owns 
a carte-de-visite of the Rowse crayon portrait of 
Thoreau that obviously dates from the 1860's. It is 
stamped on the back "Warren's, 289 Washington Street, 
Boston, Mass." Sophia Thoreau, in a letter to Myron 
Benton of Amenia, Hew York, on June 19, 1862, said 



that she was arranging with I.E.Tilton, 161 Wash- 
ington St., Boston, Ilass." to sell reproductions 
of the Rowse crayon for 250. Was the demand for 
portraits of Thoreau so great then that several 
photographers started printing them? Does anyone 
know of the present location of one of the Tilton 
photographs or any other similar reprints of por- 
traits of Thoreau available in the 1860's? 

Robert Stowell (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch 
1, Hew Zealand) asks: "In his description of the 
M usketa cuid , the boat he used on his 1839 trip, 
Thoreau describes the boat as being shaped like a 
fisherman's dory, fifteen feet long by 3i~ wide, 
and equipped with two sets of oars, two masts, and 
sails. My difficulty is in trying to picture such 
a small craft with two masts and sails to fit them. 

"My other question relates to Thoreau' s skill <5r 
experience in sailing. From an early age he seems 
to have rowed boats on the Assabet and Concord Riv- 
ers, yet in his Journal for July 29, 1851, he writes 
that sailing on salt water is a new experience for 
him, and the next day he mentions that he has learn- 
ed a number of nautical terns such as 'luff and 
•close-haul.' Both of these teims are very common- 
ly used by those who sail whether on fresh water or 
salt. It is somewhat puzzling considering how of- 
ten he traveled by water that Thoreau did not know 
these expressions. Does anyone have any additional 
information? 

Hospitality Magazine (310 W.9th St., Kansas City, 
Mo.) is selling an 8"xll" colored lithograph of Tho- 
reau' s "different drummer" quotation for 31.00. 

An article in the SATURDAY REVIEW for Jan. 11, 
1969 (p. 122) describes Thoreau as on the lecture 
platform in 1368 — a pretty good trick. 

Albert Lovmes points out to us that the area around 
Thoreau Falls in the White Mountains has recently 
been designated as a "scenic Area" by the Forestry 
Service to give it special protection. 

Can anyone help us locate the present whereabouts 
of Sophia Thoreau' s copy of A Week once owned by 
the late Paul Lemperly of Cleveland? It is said to 
contain penciled in corrections. 

Raymond Borst of Auburn, H.Y. writes concerning 
the first appearance in print of the Rowse crayon 
of Thoreau (See Bulletin 106) that he has a copy 
of the 186,3_ imprint of EXCURSIONS that includes it 
and another that does/-not. 

Jim Winchell, a student in the experimental Fair- 
haven College of Western Wash. State College in 
Bellingham, Wash. , is teaching a seminar on Thoreau 
entitled "Thoreau Is Alive and Well, He Loves You, 
and He Sends His Regards," this quarter. Enrollment 
in the course was filled within three hours of the 
opening of registration. 

Arthur Williger of Chicago, 111., points out to 
us that Thoreau in his journal for 1837-1SA6 (I, 
A31) says, "Wordsworth, with very feeble talent, 
has not so great and admirable as unquestionable 
and persevering genius. Heroism, heroism is his 
word, — his thing." Thus Thoreau anticipated by a 
century the current hippie use of the phrase "his 
thing." 

And concerning the current college rebellions, 
several recent articles have pointed out that one 
of the earliest American college rebels on record 
was Thoreau' s maternal grandfather, Asa Dunbar, 
who in 1767 led a rebellion against the poor food 
served at Harvard, using as his motto, "Behold our 
butter stinketh."